Types, causes, and diagnosis of Bronchial Asthma

Bronchial asthma is a serious global health problem. 5% to 10% of persons of all ages suffer from this chronic airway disorder. Bronchial Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and may produce extra mucus. This can make breathing difficult and trigger coughing, a whistling sound (wheezing) when you breathe out, and shortness of breath.

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How To Manage Bronchial Asthma

In the meantime, if you’re coping with this disease you may feel some discomfort as an indication such as trouble in breathing, congestion, and tightness in the chest. Asthma is a hereditary disease that runs in families. There are some types of asthma.

Symptoms of Bronchial Asthma

  1. Shortness of breath
  2. Chest tightness in addition to congestion
  3. Wheezing when exhaling, similarly, these are a common sign of this disease
  4. Trouble sleeping cause of shortness of breath coughing or wheezing attacks. This can worsen by a respiratory virus, such as a cold or flu.
  5. In older age, these side effects are seen, for example, chest discomfort, light-headedness, palpitations, and fatigue. Above all a healthy diet is important.

What triggers asthma?

A wide range of causes can provoke asthma. Such as environmental and genetic factors. Infection among kids is most often. The following are the primary causes of asthma.

  • Allergies
  • Smoking tobacco
  • Environmental factors (cold temperatures, high humidity)
  • Pollen, dust mites, cockroach, mounds, small scales from the animal skin or hair, or bird feathers, or hair causes allergy.
  • Irritants in the air such as air pollution, chemical fumes, smoke, and strong odors, perfume, or the scent of flowers.
  • Obesity
  • Pregnancy
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Atopy
  • The menstrual cycle (sensitivity to aspirin)

Diagnosis of Bronchial Asthma

There are three primary segments for diagnosing asthma which is Medical history of the patient, observations of the patient during a physical test, and the result of the breathing tests. An important consideration doctor will observe these tests and decide the severity of asthma as minor, irregular, moderate, or serious in individuals who show signs of the condition, just as distinguishing the sort.

Specialists may mistake asthma signs for those of other childhood conditions. Children who reflect asthma symptoms before the age of 5 years found it increasingly hard to get an obvious diagnosis.

Genetic asthma and sensitivities can enable a specialist to make an accurate diagnosis. Keep a note of every possible trigger of asthma to help control treatment, including data about any potential irritants in the working environment.

Make certain to recognize any health conditions that can interfere with asthma management, for example:

Treatment of Bronchial Asthma

Long-term medications like inhaled corticosteroids, leukotriene modifiers, combination inhalers, theophylline, and long-acting beta-agonists form the cornerstone for the treatment of asthma.

The inhaled corticosteroids help reduce swelling and also tone down the body’s reaction to external triggers. A doctor generally will advise a patient to take these medicines regularly as they require a lot of time to start working. Relievers are generally bronchodilators and they cause the airways to relax by reducing constriction.

Combination inhalers contain the properties of both preventer and symptom controller medications. Generally, symptom controllers are used in combination with preventers and they help to relax the muscles of the airways. Your doctor will advise you to take these medicines twice a day.

Quick-relief medications:

  • Ipratropium is mostly used to relax the airways and thus makes it easier for a person to breathe.
  • Short-acting beta agonists can be administered using a portable and hand-held inhaler or a nebulizer.
  • Oral and intravenous corticosteroids are used to provide immediate relief during an attack, to get relief from inflammation of the airways during severe asthma.

Allergy medications:

Medications like allergy shots and Omalizumab medication can be used if asthma is triggered by some allergy. When all other medications fail, Bronchial thermoplasty is used to treat severe asthma.

Side effects of Bronchial Asthma treatment

A person suffering from asthma will experience symptoms like excessive coughing, wheezing, and tightness of his /her chest, and shortness of breath.

However, a person becomes eligible for treatment only after a doctor has diagnosed him/her to be suffering from this condition. There are a number of tests that can help to detect whether a person is suffering from asthma or not. These tests include chest X-ray, peak expiratory flow, spirometry, methacholine challenge, nitric oxide test, imaging tests, and allergy testing.

What are the side effects of asthma treatment?

The side effects are chest pain, throat pain, nervousness, wheezing, choking, and other breathing problems. It can also worsen the symptoms of asthma. The side includes sores and white patches in the mouth and throat, weakness, nausea, vomiting, symptoms of flu, running nose, fever, chills, and noisy breathing.

Side-effects associated with a reliever medication are headache, dizziness, drowsiness, palpitations, nervousness, shortness of breath, and rapid heartbeats.

Combination inhalers can cause a person’s voice to change by causing infections to form in the mouth and may also cause cough, throat pain, headache, and cavities.

Bronchial thermoplasty is a surgical procedure that can cause headache, increase in the lactic acid content of the body, hyperglycemia, skeletal muscle tremor, and potassium deficiency.

What are the post-treatment guidelines of Bronchial Asthma?

Asthma is an incurable disease. Thus, a person suffering from this condition needs to incorporate some changes into his/her lifestyle to avoid worsening the condition.

He/she should stay away from environmental triggers and also devise a full-fledged plan to deal with the triggers. Seasonal influenza vaccination can go a long way to reduce the risk of influenza. Avoiding smoking and also avoiding coming in contact with smoke as it can trigger a violent episode of an asthma attack.

How long does it take to recover?

Since asthma cannot be permanently cured, a person may need to take medications to deal with the symptoms. He/she will also need to make a number of lifestyle changes to prevent further triggering of the condition. Long-term medications like corticosteroids and beta-agonists need to be consumed for a longer period as they need time to work.

The time required is also dependant on the severity of the attack and also on the constituency of the individual. Surgical interventions like bronchial thermoplasty help to reduce the onset of asthmatic attacks but do not treat the condition permanently.

Some herbal remedies

Lavender oil

Pour 5-6 drops of lavender oil into a bowl of hot water and steam it for about five to ten minutes. You do this remedy daily. Lavender oil not only reduces airway inflammation but also controls the production of mucus. Which relaxes your airways as well as strengthens the immune system. Lavender oil is very effective in controlling asthma attacks.


Above all honey is the oldest and natural remedy to overcome breathing problems. For this, take a glass of warm water and mix one spoon of honey in it and consume it slowly. In addition to this, lick a little cinnamon powder in a spoonful of honey before going to bed at night. You can consume honey and water thrice a day. Honey helps to remove phlegm from the throat.


Mix one-fourth teaspoon of turmeric in a glass of water and consume it. Do this treatment thrice a day for about fifteen days. Turmeric is an excellent antimicrobial agent. It is also found in curcumin, which is helpful in fighting asthma.


You might be surprised to know, but coffee is also an easy but effective way to relieve asthma. For this, drink a cup of hot coffee. This gives you instant relief. Actually, it immediately opens the airways, making it easier to breathe.


You must have used ginger in tea many times, now with the help of it, beat asthma. For this, grate ginger and put it in a cup of hot water. Now leave it like this for five minutes. Now filter the water and mix honey in it and drink it hot.