Seven Types of Diabetes and Their Prevalence

 Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high.

As increases or decreases of sugar, both are bad for health. The sugar level should always be normal. If any abnormality of sugar arises we should immediately take attention and start treating it.

The disease Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases in which, person’s blood sugar levels rise above a normal range.

Generally, in a diabetic patient, insulin does not produce properly. Poly-urea is a condition in which the patient has to urinate too frequently which makes them weak. Some patient also struggles with Poly-dyspepsia a condition in which a patient feels too much thirsty and poly-dysphagia in which the patient always feels hungry.

Diabetes symptoms and treatments

7 types of Diabetes

Most people are only familiar with the more common forms of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes.  But, did you know there are other kinds of the disease as well?  Often, due to the complexity of the disease, it is difficult to diagnose and recognize within the several forms.  Here, we will explore the different types of the disease, which makes them different from each other

1) Type-1 Diabetes Know all about diabetes

Type-1 diabetes is most commonly diagnosed in children and young adults and was once related to juvenile diabetes.  In type 1 diabetes, the immune system attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells (called beta cells) in the pancreas.  As a result, the body does not produce insulin.  Approximately 5% of people with diabetes have this form of disease. 

2) Type 2 Diabetes Know all about diabetes

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body is not able to suitably use the insulin created by the beta cells in the pancreas – called insulin resistance or when the body is not producing enough insulin as beta-cell dysfunction. The result of this type of diabetes is often a serious rise in blood sugar levels.

3) Gestational Diabetes Know all about diabetes

The third type of diabetes is Gestational Diabetes, which happens mostly in women during pregnancy. In addition, we can control it by doing exercise and controlling our diet and weight. If we neglect symptoms of diabetes then we are more prone to damage our kidneys, heart, eyes, limbs, and central systems.

4) Autoimmune Diabetes Of Adulthood (LADA)

Like type 1 diabetes, (LADA) occurs when the body stops producing enough insulin.  Unlike type 1, diabetes the LADA symptoms progress much slower and insulin may still be produced, though at a slower rate.  LADA diagnosis can be confused with type 2 diabetes.  We can identify LADA by specific antibodies. Among the patients with phenotypic type 2 diabetes, LADA occurs in 10% of individuals older than 35 years and in 25% below that age.

5) Maturity Onset Diabetes Of The Young (MODY)

MODY is a very unique kind of diabetes and is created by a modification change in a single gene that obstructs insulin production.  It can affect any age.  There are 11 types of MODY diabetes and each analysis has a different determination. Maturity onset diabetes MODY 1, 3, and 4 can be controlled with medicines called a sulfonylurea. MODY 2 can be treated with a proper diet and exercise. MODY 5 may need many treatments and MODY 7-11 were only newly identified.

6) Neonatal Diabetes Mellitus Know all about diabetes

NDM is diagnosed very early in infants, anywhere from birth to 6 months old. The condition can be mistaken for type 1 diabetes, yet, there is a difference because type 1 is seldom seen in patients before 6 months of age.  There are 20 different genes that can cause NDM.  The condition can be temporary and disappear later, called transient neonatal diabetes mellitus (TNDM) or it can be permanent (PNDM).

7) Type 3 Diabetes Know all about diabetes

Many people don’t understand that they are suffering from this condition of high sugars, it is also a condition of high inflammation throughout the body.  This is why it is connected with a much higher risk of heart disease, and even Alzheimer’s disease.  In fact, Alzheimer’s disease is now acknowledged as type3 diabetes. Researchers are finding more proof of looking to the fact that insulin resistance and the insulin-like growth factor is a key part of Alzheimer’s disease.  People with type 2 diabetes have an increased risk of suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, estimated to be between 50% and 65% higher.

Symptoms Know all about diabetes

Especially, how can we know we are diabetic? For instance, blood tests are the best way to find it out. But if we are experiencing any of the following symptoms of this disease, as mention below we should visit our doctor.

Too much urination Know all about diabetes

When we suffer from this disease, our body is not capable to break down food into sugar. Normally our body reabsorbs glucose when it passes through our kidneys which filter all the nutrients. As a result excess sugar, thickness our blood. Such as kidneys are not able to filter it well. So then this causes too much urination, mostly at night. Such as it requires lots of fluids, and we feel more thirsty.

Excess Thirst

Excessive thirst: it is noticed in a diabetic patient, sugar is lost through urine, as a result, we also lose calories. In addition, it can prevent sugar from reaching our cells.

Excessive Hunger

Excess Appetite: Excessive hunger is another symptom of a diabetic patient. Furthermore, It may cause fluctuations in blood sugar levels. When the blood sugar level lows down, the body thinks it needs more glucose as the cells needs in order to function properly

Fatigue

Fatigue: is often seen in this disease. The diabetic patient feels tired most of the time because the food we eat but is not able to reach the cells which are very important for our health. In addition, it causes dehydration so we feel tired.

Blurred vision: Changing the level of fluid in our body can cause the lens in your eye to swells up. Also, when glucose is high in the blood, it collects in one place that changes the shape of the lens and the eye. As a result, the lens loses its ability and function properly.

Slow healing of cuts and wounds: Cuts, and delay of a healing wound, are another sign in a diabetic patient. The immune system and the process that help the body to heal, do not work properly when sugar is high.

Yeast infection in diabetic patient

For the most part, one symptom is mostly seen as yeast Infection is the same effect on the immune system. Yeast feeds on glucose and due to its high levels in the body, it becomes successful. Generally, the infection spreads in any warm, moist flakes of skin, including, between the fingers and toes, under the breasts, and around the sex organs. For the most part, women should be more aware of vaginal Candida infection.

Tingling sensation: Sugar in excess amount in the blood can cause nerve damage. By the way, we may notice tingling and lack of sensation in our hands and feet, as well as an aching pain in our arms, hands, legs, and feet. Even we may feel burning and pain in our arms, hands, and feet.

Dry mouth and itchy skin: excess sugar weakens your ability to fight germs, which increases the risk of infection in our gums. We may see receding of gums, and even our teeth loosen up. It develops sores or pus in our gums. In addition, dehydration can cause dry mouth and itchy skin.

Diagnosis of diabetes

Your doctors can diagnose diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes through blood tests. The blood tests show if your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Do not try to examine yourself if you are suspecting you have this disease.

Alt= "chart of a test done for diabetes to diagnosis".
Tests of diabetes

Treatment to cure diabetes

In this case, metformin is the first medicine your doctor will prescribe for type 2 diabetes. It works by lowering glucose production in the liver and repairing your body’s sensitivity to insulin so that your body uses insulin more completely.

Homeopathy for treatments diabetes

Homeopathy is an alternative medical practice. The main goal of homeopathy, while treating a diabetic person is to treat the overall health of a person. This is because it is not only a single disease to the bloodstream but it also affects different parts of the body and organs as well.

Home remedies

Apart from this, there are many home remedies through which you can control this disease and lead a normal life.

Cinnamon

Cinnamon includes a bioactive compound that can help to fight and block this disease. As an example, cinnamon stimulates insulin activity and thus improves the blood sugar level. As excess use can increase the risk of liver damage. The genuine cinnamon, not the one buy from shops (Cassia cinnamon) is safer to have.

How to consume cinnamon

Mix half or one teaspoon of grounded cinnamon with warm water and have it once daily.

The second option is to boil raw cinnamon in 2 glasses of water. Let it cool for 30 minutes and have it daily.

Aloe vera

We can get aloe vera almost in Indian homes. Though it’s bitter in taste, combine it with buttermilk makes it taste better. Usually, we use aloe vera for beauty purposes but as it has anti-inflammatory properties it can heal wounds. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties, it can control blood sugar levels.

Plum English name blackberry or jamun in India

Jamun also as plum or Indian blackberry and its leaves have been confirmed to be helpful in lowering blood sugar levels. Consuming nearly 100 grams of Jamun every day will show great improvement in your blood sugar levels.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is not only good for the skin but also for diabetes. Recent studies have shown that using around 600 mg of Vitamin C daily can improve the blood sugar level significantly. People who have chronic diabetes should consume foods rich in Vitamin C every day. Some foods rich in Vitamin C are amla, orange, tomato, and blueberry.

Exercise

One of the main reasons behind type II diabetes is being overweight. Any kind of physical activity, be it yoga, Zumba, aerobics, gymming, playing sports can significantly change blood sugar level by maintaining your weight. Not only this, walking every day can help to reduce the blood sugar level amazingly.

Prevention of diabetes

3 ways to reduce your risk of diabetes

Take water as your main drink. Clinging to water as your first choice of beverage will help you to avoid other beverages contains sugar and preservatives. A Diabetic patient should follow Diet.

Lose weight if you are overweight

Though not everyone who states type 2 diabetes is overweight or obese, the majority of people are. Extra visceral fat promotes inflammation and insulin resistance, which significantly increases one’s risk of this disease. Do at least 30 to 45 minutes of exercise to prevent yourself from this disease.

In conclusion, losing even 10 percent of your body weight diminishes your risk of getting type 2 diabetes. The law is the more you lose, the more advantages you will experience.

Quit smoking

In particular, smoking itself creates many severe health conditions. Investigations have also shown that smoking causes type 2 diabetes.

Above all, do not skip a meal, have a proper diet at the proper time. In addition, add fresh fruits and vegetables and lots of fibre. For the most part, avoid sweet fruit.

Author: jayma

I am Usha Gupta, an aspiring lady with a strong passion for all medical and scientific advancements. Promoting lifestyle tips and knowledge related to medical terminology.

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