How can you prevent and manage hypertension?

High BP or Hypertension

In our modern lifestyle, we are not gaining anything but getting lots of lifestyle diseases. High Blood Pressure or Hypertension is one of the most dangerous diseases is. This disease is a silent killer. Most people do not even know about it, till it becomes very critical. So then, today we will discuss all detail about this disease.

Hypertension increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. Before discussing this disease let us know that in 2017 the Union Health Ministry Survey showed shocking news about it. In every 8 out of one is the victim of this disease.

Thus it is better that we should be alert until it is too late.

High BP or Hypertension

To begin with, what is Hypertension or High BP? therefore before we move further let’s understand what is hypertension and why it is important for us.

High BP or Hypertension

Our body mechanism is of tissue and organs. To function properly oxygenated blood is required and this work is done by our circulatory system. The Heart is a part of this system. When the heart pumps blood it creates pressure so that the blood passes in every cell and each part of our body through the blood vessels, arteries, veins. Likewise, this pressure is known as hypertension.

Alt text = High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure

Increases pressure is known as Hypertension and when there is very low pressure it is known as low blood pressure. The chart below describes normal or abnormal readings.

In medical terms, reading is meant as 120/80 Blood Pressure reading it to 120 over 80 Millimeters of Mercury or it is said as 120/80 mm Hg.

Systolic Blood Pressure:  The upper number of Systolic Blood Pressure Indicates the pressure applied on the artery walls when the heart is beating.

Diastolic Blood Pressure: The second or lower number refers to the diastolic blood pressure, which means how much pressure is applied to the blood artery walls when the heart rests between two beats.

As an example, 120/80 mm Hg means that your Systolic BP is 120. As well as diastolic BP is 80.

Which of this number matters much?

Usually, the upper number indicates systolic BP. This matters more because it gives an accurate result to know the risk of heart attack or stroke.

Finally, after increasing the value of BP, we organize it in a category of Hypertension. We will understand this with the help of the chart below.

The top number (Systolic BP) CategoryThe bottom number (Diastolic BP)

Below 120 Blood Pressure
Normal Blood PressureBelow 80 Blood Pressure
120 to 129 Blood PressureElevated Blood pressureBelow 80 Blood Pressure
130 to 139 Blood PressureStage 1 High Blood pressureBelow 80 to 89 Blood Pressure
140Stage 2 High Blood pressure90
Blood Pressure Chart

Note: If BP is below 90/60 It is known as Low BP or Hypotension.

Hypertension symptoms and treatments

Cause of High BP or Hypertension

In 90% of cases, it is unclear what is the main cause of High BP, but there are many risk factors that are the cause of hypertension.

  • Older age: As we age the risk of High BP increases. But nowadays youths are also found the victim of High BP.
  • Hereditary: Hypertension is also a hereditary disease.
  • Temperate: In many cases, it has been found that, when the temperature is high, BP is low whereas when the temperature is low BP is high. Generally, after 65 it is common for High BP.
  • Ethnic background: In the case of hypertension, ethnic background is also important. It has been found that people of African and South Asian ancestry have a higher risk of having high BP. South Asians, including Indians, are also at greater risk of the disease.

Obesity-related to High BP or Hypertension

  • Obesity: Obesity itself creates lots of diseases itself. Obese people are more prone to have Hypertension Opposite to normal-weight people.
  • Gender (Male/Female): Male are more prone to have hypertension. But after 60 both males or females are prone to have hypertension.
  • Physical inactivity: If you are not physical activity then you are more prone to have high BP. People who do not work or neither do exercise nor work sitting at one place are more prone to have high BP.
  • Smoking: Smoking is injurious for health also the cause of lung cancer. Smoking shrinks the blood vessels and blood pressure increases due to the heart has to pump more. The amount of oxygenated blood which is required fails and the blood pressure increases.
  • Alcohol: It has been noticed that an alcoholic person’s BP is higher by 7mmHg than to non-alcoholic people.
  • Salt intake: We should reduce salt intake. Sodium intake increases the chances of Hypertension.
  • High Fat Diet: As a result of Many doctors prove that a high-fat diet may increase the risk of hypertension. Thereby Saturated and trans fat are not good for the heart.
  • Stress: Stressed person is more prone to have Hypertension. So then stress is not good for your health.
  • Diabetes: As a result, Diabetic people are more at risk of being Hypertensive. In short, if you control your sugar intake you may be safer.
  • Psoriasis: In this case, Psoriasis is a kind of skin disease in which red itchy patches.
  • Pregnancy: Most of the woman suffers from high BP Especially which becomes normal after delivery.

Symptoms of High BP or Hypertension

  • Severe headache.
  • Fatigue or confusion.
  • Very Nervous or anxious.
  • Vision Problems
  • Chest pain.
  • Shortness of Breath.
  • Irregular heartbeat.
  • Nose bleeding.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • If you are above 40 keep eye on your BP mostly if you have a family history of Hypertension.

Treatments of High BP or Hypertension

Hypertension also affects, different parts of our body and the root cause is it damages our heart and arteries, affecting blood flow not to work properly.

Alt text = High BP or Hypertension
Effects of high blood pressure on our organs

Symptoms of High BP or Hypertension

Heart

Especially this disease affects our heart. Arteries become narrow due to deposits forming in the inner lining of the arteries. Our blood is not able to reach the heart freely. Thus our heart needs blood to purify and supply to all parts of our body.

High BP or Hypertension affects our brain

Stroke is the major cause of hypertension due to insufficient blood flow to the brain.

High BP or Hypertension

Kidney

Our kidney’s task is to filter oxygen and nutrient supply and waste. A healthy kidney needs a proper blood supply to work properly also it maintains our blood pressure. But when we have hypertension it creates excess load to the kidney causing kidney failure.

Eyes

In addition, we should even protect our eyes by controlling hypertension. The small blood vessel gets blocked due to BP and fluid collects in the retina causing blurred vision. If we neglect it we may lose our vision.

Genitals

The obstructed blood supply in genitals or sexual organs causes erectile dysfunction in men whereas no desire for sex in women.

Bones

Our bones need calcium to be strong but this calcium excretes by urination when we have hypertension. This condition causes osteoporosis as we age. Generally, older women are more prone to have this.

Sleep Apnea

Sleep apnea is a sleep disorder in which our breathing repeatedly stops and starts while sleeping. In this case, it is quite life-threatening.

Diagnosis of High Blood Pressure

Your doctor may do more tests to look for medical situations that could cause hypertension which has influenced your kidneys.

Tests for High blood pressure

  • Blood tests. Your doctor may suggest blood tests monitor for kidney damage, high cholesterol, or diabetes that may raise your risk of coronary heart disease, or other problems like thyroid disease that may be causing hypertension.
  • Monitoring. Also to collect more data about your hypertension, your doctor may suggest wearing a device to record readings over 24 hours. Your doctor may also guide you on how to take readings at home.

High blood pressure symptoms and treatments

High blood pressure treatments

For people with hypertension, your doctor will develop a treatment plan that may include heart-healthy lifestyle changes alone or with medicines. Generally, a risk calculator can help your doctor calculate your risk of complications and take the right treatment. Also, the healthcare team can assist you to maintain against this disease and prevent difficulties. Together with this team may include your doctor, a nutritionist, a pharmacist, and specialists for any circumstances you may have, including those related to your heart.

What should be avoided in High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure: Food and Drinks to Avoid

  • Salt.
  • Deli meat.
  • Frozen pizza.
  • Pickles.
  • Canned soups.
  • Tomato products.
  • Sugar.
  • Packaged foods.

What to eat in high blood pressure

Eating a healthy diet that is rich in whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and low-fat dairy products and skimps on saturated fat and cholesterol can lower your hypertension by up to 11 mm Hg if you have hypertension. This eating plan is known as the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet.

Potatoes for regulating hypertension

Several nutritionists and health specialists have come out in the favour of potatoes by recommending that food items that are rich in potassium like potatoes should be eaten by those who suffer from high hypertension levels. That is so because the potassium in potatoes can actually negate the many ill effects of sodium. It is the excess of sodium levels that is responsible for exerting extra pressure on the walls of your blood vessels and leads to a spike in your blood pressure. So, potatoes can actually be helpful in how their potassium component eliminates sodium through the urine.

Does anything lower blood pressure immediately?

It may not be possible for a person to lower their blood pressure immediately. However, by changing certain behavioural habits, they may be able to keep their blood pressure normal and prevent spikes. About 45% of adults in the United States have high hypertension.

How to lower your blood pressure in minutes at home?

If your blood pressure is elevated and you want to see an immediate change, lie down and take deep breaths. This is how you can lower your blood pressure within minutes, helping to slow your heart rate and decrease your blood pressure. When you feel stress, hormones are released that constrict your blood vessels.

Home remedies for hypertension

Garlic

Generally, to avoid the difficulty of this disease, 2 buds of garlic should be chewed with water on an empty stomach in the morning. Such as if there is a problem with chewing, you can drink 5-6 drops of garlic juice mixed with 20 ml of water.

Fenugreek

The use of fenugreek and celery water can also be helpful for these disease patients. For this, soak one spoon of fenugreek and celery powder in water and then drink this water empty stomach in the morning.

Triphala

For the most part, Triphala can also be used to reduce the effect on this disease. For this, soak 20 grams of Triphala in water and keep it overnight, then filter this water in the morning and drink 2 spoons of honey mixed with it.

High blood pressure symptoms and treatments

Hypertension and how to prevent it

So then how can we be safe from High BP?

  1. we must be active,
  2. keeping us engage in physical activity
  3. doing exercises
  4. going for a walk
  5. being social with family, friends, and relatives
  6. quit smoking and alcohol
  7. reduce salt intake
  8. keep away from stress.

Author: jayma

I am Usha Gupta, an aspiring lady with a strong passion for all medical and scientific advancements. Promoting lifestyle tips and knowledge related to medical terminology.

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