Cause of Infertility

In fact, infertility means, if a woman is unable to get pregnant even after a year of trying. Also If the age of a woman is over 35 and she is not able to get pregnant after trying for 6 months. For women who are pregnant but she is not able to continue their pregnancy to full term, this may also be titled infertility.

A woman who has never been pregnant is diagnosed with primary infertility. Secondary infertility is a case in which a woman carried her successful pregnancy in the past at least once.

Infertility is not only present in a woman. Men and women are equally likely to have infertility issues.

According to medical research, about one-third of cases points to female infertility. Whereas one-third of infertility cases are in men.

The remaining infertility cases come to both in male and female and it should find out.

Infertility in male

Generally, infertility in men is related to some problems such as:

  • not healthy production of sperm 
  • insufficient sperm count, or the quality of sperm
  • the shape of the sperm also matters
  • weak movements or swimming to meet the egg
  • obstruction in the tubes of the  male reproductive system

Risk factors

There are a variety of risk factors such as medical conditions. Some medications are also the cause of infertility. Risk factors that associate infertility in men are:

  • older age
  • smoking cigarettes
  • consuming too much alcohol
  • being overweight or obese 
  • a person whose job is within the exposure to toxins, such as pesticides, herbicides, and heavy metals

Medical conditions

Medical conditions which should be treated in male infertility as:

  • receding ejaculation
  • if there is swelling in the veins around the testicles 
  • testicles that have not been slipped down into the scrotum 
  • uses of antibiotic that attack your sperm and destroy them
  • a hormonal imbalance, such as low testosterone production 

Medications and drugs

Numerous medications and drugs can also affect male fertility, they are as:

  • chemotherapy or radiation therapy, which is used for cancer 
  • some use of medicines such as sulfasalazine (Azulfidine, Azulfidine which are used for rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis
  • calcium channel blockers, which are used for high blood pressure
  • tricyclic used for antidepressants  
  • anabolic steroids can help in improving athletic performance or hormonal issues that delay puberty
  • sporting drugs such as marijuana and cocaine

Any cause as above or a combination of both could lead to infertility in men.

Natural process of conceiving in female

By the normal biological processes :

  • ovulation is the period when a mature egg released from the ovary 
  • fertilization, which occurs when sperm meets the egg in the Fallopian after travelling through the cervix and uterus
  • implantation, which occurs when a fertilized egg attaches to the lining of the uterus and grow and develop into a baby

Risk factors

Risk factors for female infertility include:

  • increasing of age
  • smoking cigarettes
  • heavy use of alcohol
  • being overweight, obese or by its own nature underweight

Medical conditions

There are various medical conditions that can affect the female reproductive system and cause infertility in women.

Examples include:

  • ovulation disorders, which are caused by polycystic ovary syndrome(PCOS) or hormonal imbalances 
  • inflammation in the pelvic area is a disease (PID)
  • endometriosis a condition in which tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside the uterus
  • uterine fibroid or tumours
  • premature ovarian failure
  • scarring from a previous surgery 

Medications and drugs

Certain medications and drugs that can affect female infertility include:

  • chemotherapy or radiation therapy for the treatment of cancer
  • long-term use of high-dosage nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as aspirin (Bayer) and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
  • antipsychotic medications
  • sporting drugs such as marijuana and cocaine

As a result

Accordingly, to health origination, ovulation problems are near about 25% seen in couples. An irregular or absent period is also a sign that a woman may not be ovulating normally.

Infertility testing

If a couple is trying to conceive but is unable to get pregnant then they should see a doctor soon.

Men should plan to see a doctor after one year of trying to conceive or if any of the following issues:

  • erectile dysfunction (ED)
  • problems with ejaculation, such as delayed ejaculation or lapsing ejaculation
  • low sex drive
  • pain or swelling in the genital area
  • having undergone a previous surgery in the genital area

Your doctor will first see your medical history. During this time, they’ll ask about your overall health, your sexual history, and factors that could be affecting your fertility. They’ll also complete a physical examination where they check will check your genitals for any structural abnormalities or lumps.

A semen analysis will be done. Your doctor will ask you to provide a sample of semen. A lab technician will check how many sperm are present and whether the shape of the sperm is normal and they are moving properly.

Depending on the results of your basic exam and semen test, your doctor may want to do additional tests.

These tests may include:

  • hormone testing
  • genital ultrasound
  • genetic testing


A woman’s fertility begins to decrease after the age of 30. Women under 35 should visit a doctor after one year of trying to get pregnant while women 35 and over should visit a doctor after 6 months of effort.

Your doctor will first take your medical history. They’ll ask about the current state of your health, your sexual history, and any conditions or illnesses that could be causing infertility.

Then they’ll perform an examination of your pelvic area to check for abnormalities such as fibroids or conditions such as endometriosis or PID.

Your doctor will want to see if you’re ovulating every month. This can be determined with an at-home ovulation testing kit or through blood testing at the doctor’s office or lab.

Ultrasound helps in examining the uterus.

Other common tests for women include:

  • hysterosalpingography, which is a type of X-ray, helps to evaluate the fallopian tubes and uterus
  • laparoscopy, which uses a camera to examine the internal organs
  • ovarian reserve testing, which uses a combination of hormone tests to determine a woman’s potential for conceiving — suitable tests including the follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) test

Infertility treatments

If you and your partner have been trying to get pregnant but not getting a positive result. Then you may start medical treatment. There are many types of treatments depending upon the case such as:

  • the cause of infertility
  • how long you’ve been trying to conceive
  • your ages
  • the overall health of both, you and your partner
  • the personal choice of you and your partner, following a consultation about your treatment options


Treatment of male infertility depends in a variety of ways, depending on the cause. Treatment options for men can include surgery, medication, and assisted reproductive technology (ART).

Surgery can fix obstructions that are preventing sperm from being present in the ejaculate. It can also correct conditions such as varicocele. In some cases, sperm will be fetched directly from the testicles after which it can be used in ART treatments.

Medications can be used to treat issues such as hormonal imbalances. They can also be used to treat other conditions that can affect male fertility, such as (ED) erectile dysfunction or if any infections are affecting sperm count.

ART refers to treatments in which eggs and sperm are handled outside of the body. It can include treatments such as in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Sperm for ART treatments can be received from ejaculate, extraction from the testicles, or a donor.


The treatment for female infertility can also involve surgery, medication, and reproductive assistance such as ART. Sometimes we need several types of treatment to help address female infertility.

Although surgery can sometimes be useful to treat female infertility, it has become rarer now due to advancements in other fertility treatments. Surgery can improve fertility by:

  • correcting an abnormal shape of the uterus
  • unblocking Fallopian tubes
  • removing fibroid

Reproductive assistance can involve methods such as intrauterine insemination (IUI) and ART. During IUI, millions of sperm are injected into a woman’s uterus near the time of ovulation.

(IVF) is one type of ART and involves the removal of eggs that are then fertilized with a man’s sperm in a laboratory. After fertilization, the embryo will be placed back into the uterus.

The medications used to treat female infertility work like hormones that are naturally present in the body to either encourage or regulate ovulation.

Natural infertility treatments

Natural treatments are such as acupuncture and yoga. 

One review found that at least 29 % of couples had tried some form of natural or alternative infertility treatment, either alone or to complement traditional treatments.


Acupuncture involves the insertion of small, thin needles into various points of the body. These points can help stimulate the body’s energy flow.

There’s no reliable evidence to prove, acupuncture is a treatment for infertility. Acupuncture could improve both ovulation and menstruation in women with PCOS. 


As a result, yoga helps in correcting postures and breathing skills to promote relaxation and fade away stress levels.

For the most part, yoga limits the treatment of infertility. However, practising yoga can be beneficial in relieving stress, it can help with undergoing fertility treatments.


Generally, various vitamins and minerals are helpful in promoting fertility.

Some of them are as:

  • folate
  • zinc
  • vitamin C
  • vitamin E
  • iron

In the meantime, you can also look at other supplements, such as probiotics, which can promote healthy digestion and improve overall wellness. Also trying other types of nutrients could help in conceiving.


A variety of fertility teas are available in the market to try but do they work its a query.

For the most part, one recent research found that antioxidant compounds are present in green tea or herbal tea. As a result, They may help infertility by improving sperm count and motility.

Essential oils good for Infertility

Generally, we get natural essential oil from plants, typically from their roots, seeds, or leaves. In this case, it gives relaxation and eliminates stress. Together with, Aromatherapy can involve massaging with, bathing with, or burning essential oils.

How Ayurveda can help in Infertility

As a rule, Ayurveda has a holistic approach to health and treats the body as a whole rather than treating a specific disease. An Ayurvedic doctor must be certain about your body type before offering treatment suggestions. For the most part, the aim of Ayurvedic treatment for infertility in women is to ensure the proper growth of food into nutrients, which will work in your Venus metal. The most important Ayurvedic treatments for the treatment of female infertility are as follows:


This method is used by Ayurvedic physicians to induce sweating in infertility patients. Subsequently, this is done with the help of exercises or blankets. Likewise, this is to remove toxins from your body.


This is a detoxing Ayurvedic therapy in which vomiting is induced by the body to get rid of unwanted food. Despite being inconvenient, it is an ideal detox therapy for infertility management.

Banyan tree bark:

The use of dried banyan tree bark powder is very helpful. Accordingly, Ayurvedic physicians for the treatment of infertility problems in women. Such as, remember to add sugar to the banyan bark powder before consuming it.

Ashwagandha Churna and Kapikachu:

To treat infertility issues in women, these ayurvedic medicines can solve the issue.

Fala Gritam:

Consume Fala Gritam in the form of butter mixed with milk. For example, this drug effectively treats many functional problems related to female infertility.

Guduchi, Triphala Churna, and Gokshura: These Ayurvedic medicines can clear obstructions in your body. As a result, Venus inhibits the production of metal and helps in the management of female infertility.


Asparagus Generally. this Ayurvedic medicine is only for women for the treatment of infertility. Diet change: Generally, Ayurveda says that a woman suffering from infertility should follow a strict diet plan. Also, it is essential to avoid spicy, oily, and extra salt foods. For the most part, it is advisable to consume foods like almonds, whole grains, fresh vegetables, fresh fruits, and dried fruits.

Diet to treat Infertility

Fertility-boosting food can improve the problems of ovulation. For the most part, they won’t work for infertility in the conditions such as a block in the Fallopian tubes or uterine fibroid.

For example, here are some dietary recommendations for boosting fertility include:

  • focus on fibre-rich foods, including lots of green vegetables and whole grain, and avoid unhealthy fast foods.
  • should avoid trans fats, which are present in many fried and processed food products or in junk food
  • swapping some of your animal protein for vegetarian sources of protein
  • selecting high-fat-diary  (like full cream milk) instead of low-fat products

As a rule, Following these recommendations, and eating a nutrient-rich diet in general, can also help men improve the health of their sperm.

For example, implementing dietary changes along with lifestyle changes such as being more active promote fertility. Also doing exercise will promote fertility chances.

When are women more fertile

Generally, women are most fertile around the time that they ovulate. Tracking your ovulation and then concentrating your sexual activity around this time can improve your chances of conceiving.

In this case, ovulation occurs one day out of the month. At this time, your ovaries release a mature egg, which begins to travel through your fallopian tubes. If the egg encounters sperm during its journey, fertilization can occur.

Such as if an egg isn’t fertilized, it will die within about 24 hours of ovulation. However, sperm can live within a women’s body for up to five days, increasing the chances of fertilization. Because of this, you’re actually fertile for around five to six days out of the month.

Likewise, ovulation doesn’t occur at the same time every month, so it’s important to recognize the signs of ovulation. These can include bodily changes such as abdominal cramping and a small rise in body temperature. There are some more signs that speak when you are most fertile. 

Facts about infertility

Such as according to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)Trusted Source, 12.1 % of U.S. women 15 to 44 years old have difficulty conceiving and carrying a child to term. Similarly, nearly 7 % of married women in this age group are infertile.

Furthermore, according to the CDC, 7.3 million women between ages 15 and 44 have used infertility services. Such as that accounts for about 12 % of women within that age group.

Similarly, The National Institutes of Health (NIH) estimates that a woman in her 30s is half as fertile as a woman in her early 20s.

The Office on Women’s Health Trusted Source estimates that around 20 % of women in the United States are now having their first child after age 35. A result of this makes age a growing contributing factor toward infertility.

For instance, around 9 % of men have experienced issues with fertility. Although male fertility can also decline with increasing age, it declines more slowly than female fertility.

Prospect of infertility

Therefore being diagnosed with infertility doesn’t mean that your dreams of having a child have come to an end. It may take some time, but many couples who experience infertility will eventually be able to have a child. Some will do so on their own, while others will need medical assistance.

As the treatment that is right for you and your partner will depend on many factors, including your age, the cause of infertility, and your personal preferences.

Generally, In some cases, a fertility problem is untreatable. Accordingly, depending on the situation, your doctor may suggest that you and your partner consider donor sperm or eggs, surrogacy, or adoption. Also, choices depend on couples what they decide or they can effort.

For the most part adoption of a child is also a great option. So then in this way, an orphan can get a parent and a parent can get a baby.