Taking Care of You and Your Baby While You’re Pregnant

Pregnancy Symptoms and Care

Congratulations on becoming pregnant

When a new life creates in you and a baby starts developing inside you, it’s a joyous moment for you. Generally, this stage is called pregnancy. This is a very Fortunate time for every woman. At this stage, every woman needs proper care.

Pregnancy
Pregnancy

Pregnancy Symptoms and Care

If you miss a period it indicates the first sign of pregnancy. When you notice the first pregnancy symptom are such as dizziness, exhaustion, vomiting, changes in breast and frequent urination. If the above symptoms are applicable to you then confirm it at home with the help of a self pregnancy home kit.

When it is confirmed that you’re pregnant, you might begin planning your pregnancy week by week. Every day you might have more questions about a healthy pregnancy. What should you eat? Can you exercise? What type of prenatal tests should you consider?

What is prenatal care?

It’s important to take care of your baby, even before he or she is born. This is called prenatal care. You can do this by living a healthy lifestyle and keeping doctor’s appointments while you’re pregnant. Your healthy diet and vitamins and medicines you need.

After your first visit, you will have a prenatal visit every 4 weeks. In months 7 and 8, you will have a visit every 2 weeks. In your last month of pregnancy, the visits will occur weekly until you deliver your baby. At each visit, the doctor will check your weight and blood pressure and test your urine. The doctor will listen to your baby’s heartbeat and measure the height of your uterus after the 20th week. You should always discuss any issues or concerns you have with your doctor.

What are Trimesters?

Trimesters is a whole period of nine months. Which are First Second and Third trimesters.

Visit to the obstetrician’s office

Schedule an appointment with your doctor as soon as you find out you’re pregnant. Your doctor will start by reviewing your medical history. He or she also will want to know about your symptoms.

Tests for pregnancy

During this first appointment, urine and blood samples will be taken. (These will also be taken again on later visits.) Urine tests check for bacteria, high sugar levels (which can be a sign of diabetes), and high protein levels (which can be a sign of preeclampsia, a type of high blood pressure during pregnancy). Blood tests check for blood cell count, blood type, low iron levels (anemia) and infectious diseases (such as syphilis, HIV, and hepatitis).

The doctor also may do other tests at your first visit. These may vary based on your background and risk for problems. Tests can include:

  • A pelvic exam to check the size and shape of your uterus (womb).
  • A Pap smear to screen for cervical cancer.
  • An ultrasound to view your baby’s growth and position. An ultrasound uses sound waves to create an image of your baby on a video screen.

Pregnancy Symptoms and Care in the First Trimester

The first trimester of the pregnancy period is from 1 to 13 weeks. It is a very important period for baby development. At this stage, you will notice several types of changes such as physical and emotional. You may come to know that actually, you are pregnant. Usually, in some women, symptoms are felt at the 4th to 5th week. At this stage, the baby develops faster in the first trimester. You can notice many changes in your body now. We will mention the changes and symptoms below.

Symptoms in the first trimester

You may feel tired because the baby is developing in you. When you work more you feel tired due to lack of energy. This happens because most of the energy is used in a baby’s development. However proper pregnancy care should be followed. Whenever you feel tired take proper rest in comfort to regain energy. Try to sleep for some time to get proper rest. In the meant time your partner should take proper care of yourself at this stage.

Most of the pregnant woman feels nauseated in the first trimester because of your desire to eat spicy and tangy food, which interrupts your digestion. If you feel excessive nauseated then see your gynecologist as soon as possible.

Frequent urination

Especially frequent urination is also a symptom seen in most of the woman after the first week of conception. This happens due to the increase in the level of progesterone in the liver. In addition to more and more blood are sent to the pelvic area from your body as a result your bladder irritates and you feel excessive urination.

Also, you may even notice some changes in your breast. You can notice thickening of nipples, enlargement and tenderness in your breast. These symptoms occur due to the increased level of progesterone and estrogen in your blood. It is very considerable to be conscious and keep eye on your health in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Healthy Diet during pregnancy

Eating a balanced diet is one of the best things you can do for yourself and your baby. Be careful of the following foods and drinks during pregnancy.

Here are some rules which are essential:

  • If you are vegetarian, then try to add lots of green veggies, fruits in your diet.
  • Fresh cooked meat, eggs or fish are very good for a pregnant woman.
  • Drink enough milk.
  • Avoid coffee as much as you can during pregnancy.
  • Drink fresh fruit juice. Wash all raw fruits and vegetables before eating them.
  • Keep cutting boards and dishes clean.
  • Eat 4 or more servings of dairy each day. This will give you enough calcium for you and your baby.
  • Don’t drink unpasteurized milk or eat unpasteurized milk products. These may have bacteria that can cause infections. This includes soft cheeses such as Brie, feta, Camembert, and blue cheese, or Mexican-style cheeses, such as queso fresco.
  • Some artificial sweeteners are okay in moderation.
  • Don’t drink more than 1 or 2 cups of coffee or other drinks with caffeine each day.

Mild exercise during pregnancy

Unless you have issues during pregnancy, you should get regular exercise. Exercise promotes a healthy lifestyle and can help ease discomfort. Try to get at least 30 minutes of exercise each day. Talk to your doctor about any conditions that may prevent exercise.

Some women say exercising while pregnant makes labour and delivery easier. Walking and swimming are great choices. If you were active before pregnancy, it is probably safe to continue. If you weren’t active before pregnancy, start slowly.

Listen to your body and don’t overdo it. Drink plenty of water to prevent overheating or dehydration, especially in the second trimester. It’s best to avoid exercises that may cause you to fall. This includes skiing and rock climbing. You also should avoid contact sports, such as soccer or basketball. Ask your doctor if you have any concerns.

Call your doctor if you have symptoms with exercise, such as:

  • blurred vision
  • dizziness
  • chest pain
  • stomach pain

Hygiene during pregnancy

As a rule, follow hygienic habits by keeping yourself self-clean, wash your hands frequently after touching anything outside or touching your pet. Keep your clothes and your beds clean.

Pregnancy Symptoms and Care in the second trimester

Thereby the second trimester of pregnancy starts from 14th to 27th week. Now you will not feel the uneasiness you felt in the first trimester. This will fade now. In short, your fetus will feel quite good now. There are some pregnancy symptoms in the second trimester which we will discuss below.

Indigestion

You feel heartburn coupled with acidity and discomfort in food digestion. In brief, all this happens because your stomach bears the whole weight of your baby, thus your digestion is disturbed. However, take the doctor’s advice if you feel anyone of this discomfort.

Pain and Breathlessness

You may feel slight breathlessness in this trimester and even experience back pain too. This occurs due to the growth and weight of the baby which makes your waist hurt in the second quarter of your pregnancy. Proper pregnancy care should be followed strictly.

Stretch Marks

Scar or first stretch marks might be visible now. You can see a thick line just below your navel area due to the progress of your baby’s growth. Also, the colour of the nipples darkens and thick colostrum may drip. Colostrum is a great value for a baby’s natural growth in this trimester. By the end of this trimester, you may feel the pleasure to notice the movement of your baby in your tummy.

In short, do not forget to visit your doctor. An ultra scan is required in the 18th week, to check the baby’s health. The ultrasound result shows the baby’s correct position. For the most part, you can see your baby on the screen and even you can hear the heartbeat of your baby. Now you can start preparing for your child, try reading inspirational books, keep positive thinking and try to be happy. Third-trimester pregnancy is from 28th to 40 weeks.

Pregnancy care in the third trimester

Now in your third quarter, you will have a feeling of the strong eagerness of becoming a mother. Soon, the days of the delivery is coming closer. You man notice some new symptoms as your baby is increasing by weight and size.

At this period the amniotic fluid is around one litre in the placenta due to this you may feel a slight discomfort at this stage. In the third quarter, you may notice some physical changes. You may feel breathlessness due to the pressure in the middle of your stomach because of your expanding tummy, which causes pressure to your diaphragm. Even you may feel difficulty while sleeping cause of the height of your tummy and baby’s growth. You can support yourself with extra pillows or cushions. This discomfort will pass away after some time when your baby slides downward of your stomach.

Gaining weight during pregnancy

Talk to your doctor if you are gaining weight or being underweight. It’s different for everyone, but most women should gain about 25 to 30 pounds. If you’re underweight when you get pregnant, you may need to gain more. If you are overweight, you may need to gain less.

Incontinence and varicose vein

In this period you may notice incontinence. This happens because there is excess pressure on your bladder. As it is not a big concern. The varicose vein may appear now due to pressure in the vein of your feet. If you feel these discomforts consult your doctor. Try not to stand for a long time. Raise your legs with the support of pillows while sleeping to reduce the pressure on your feet.

Do not sit in one place for a long time. learn some safe exercise from your doctor. Go for a walk. As the time comes closer to delivery, your skin stretches and you may feel too much itchiness. Therefore, stretch marks on your stomach, waist and thigh occur. Do not leave them dry and apply stretch marks remover cream or medicated gel.

Pregnancy care at the last week of trimester

In the last week of this trimester try to arrange all the necessary things which will be needed for delivery. These are natural problems and passes away naturally. You may be a bit worried because this is the first time you are experiencing motherhood. If you are feeling any discomfort or delay in your due date consult your doctor. Try to relax as much as possible, do not worry and enjoy this precious moment, which is about to arrive soon.

All these are my personal experience and from the largest healthy websites and the internet. Some symptoms may be different in different pregnancies. Follow Doctors advice and instructions.

As with any treatment you’re considering, consult with your doctor before following any medication — natural or otherwise. 

Author: jayma
I am Usha Gupta, an aspiring lady with a strong passion for all medical and scientific advancements. Promoting lifestyle tips and knowledge related to medical terminology.